Why the baby wakes up at night ?

Many parents do not get enough sleep because their baby constantly wakes up at night crying. In fact, there is always a reason for a baby to wake up suddenly at night. Screaming and crying is the only way for a newborn baby to tell you that he or she does not like something. And there are many reasons why a baby often wakes up at night. I will outline the most common ones.

Baby wakes up at night from hunger or thirst

Often a newborn wakes up at night for feedings, but there are fewer and fewer of these as the baby gets older. By 12 months of age, there may be one nighttime feeding, and if there are more than one, it is a reason to think that the baby is not waking up for a feeding, but simply because he associates food with falling asleep.

Baby is uncomfortable

A baby may wake up suddenly when his diaper is wet, his clothes are tight, his posture is uncomfortable, or his skin is rubbing against the tags – there may be many reasons for discomfort. To soothe the baby, it is important for parents to analyze the conditions in which their child sleeps and eliminate the cause that prevents the baby from sleeping well.

Failure to comply with the conditions for the baby’s sleep

Heat or cold in the room, dry air, light from a night light – just some of the causes of poor sleep for a baby. In my experience, some moms ignore the purchase of a humidifier. Babies have very thin nasal mucous membranes, and if the air in the room is dry, the mucous dries out quickly, and the baby does not feel comfortable to sleep – it is simply difficult to breathe. This makes the baby wake up and cry.

Baby sleeps with bear toy

Sleep regression in a baby
Sleep regression is defined by specialists as a decrease in the quality of sleep due to various external factors. Such a disturbance depends on the child’s individual characteristics and is usually associated with a jump in motor skills (the baby has learned to sit, stand, crawl, etc.) and psycho-emotional states.

Sleep regression just needs to be experienced: during active wakefulness, the child needs to practice the new skills as much as possible, and then the structure of sleep will change. There are many regressions in children’s lives, and there is nothing we can do about them: regression is a sign that the child is developing normally, we should be positive about it.

Associations for falling asleep.

All humans wake up in the middle of the night between sleep cycles-we’re set up that way: the brain gives us a wake-up signal to check that everything is in the same place. This is one of the ancient functions that humans needed to survive. It’s just that adults don’t remember waking up, and children who have associations for falling asleep in the form of breast, rocking, hissing, patting, or pacifier cannot fall asleep until they are provided with that association. This is why associations for falling asleep can disrupt a baby’s nighttime sleep and make it difficult to put the baby down if conditions have changed (no opportunity to breastfeed or the baby has become too heavy to rock in your arms).

Overexcitation prevents you from falling asleep

The baby is standing in the crib
Stress in the baby, short daytime naps or lack of them, long periods of wakefulness contribute to the baby’s nighttime awakenings. Overexcitation processes dominate the soothing processes in children under 3 years of age – they are basically unable to calm down by themselves. If a baby is overexcited and cannot fall asleep, it is the parents who can help him or her relax: create a bedtime routine and provide a calm environment a few hours before bedtime.

Lack of fatigue and long daytime naps

There are sleep norms for children that are desirable to follow.

  • Newborns sleep 16-19 hours a day, the total time of daytime naps is 1-2 hours every hour.
  • Children 1-2 months sleep 15-17 hours a day, the total time of daytime naps is 6-7 hours.
  • Children 3 months sleep 15-16 hours a day, total daytime sleep time is 5-6 hours.
  • Children 4 months sleep 14-16 hours a day, total daytime sleep time is 4-5 hours.
  • Children 5-6 months sleep 14-15 hours a day, with a total of 3-4 hours of daytime sleep.
  • Children 7-8 months sleep 13-15 hours a day, with a total of 3-4 hours of daytime sleep.
  • Children 9-12 months sleep 13-14 hours a day, total daytime sleep time is 2-3 hours.
  • Children 12-18 months sleep 13 hours a day, total time for daytime naps is 2-3 hours.
  • Children from 18 months sleep 12.5-13 hours a day, total daytime sleep time is 1.5-2 hours
  • Children from 2 years old sleep 12-13 hours a day, the total time of daytime sleep – 1-2 hours.
  • Children from 3 years old sleep 12 hours a day, for a total of 1-2 hours of daytime sleep.

If a child sleeps a lot during the day, he or she may naturally wake up at night and not want to go back to sleep.

Night terrors in a child

Emotional intellect
This is one of the reasons your baby wakes up after one year of age. Analyze how the day goes and what may be causing the fear. Often it is due to the TV running constantly – not only from cartoons, but also when the TV is running in the background. A child who is accompanied by this emotional background all day may experience night terrors or have nightmares.

Psychological problems.

High sensitivity of the child, fear of separation from the mother, when the separation crisis begins at seven months. To cope with this problem, you need to give your child as much contact as possible during the day – hugging him, kissing, tickling and reassuring him that his mother loves him, she is there and will not go anywhere. There are cases when mom tries to discreetly leave the child, leaving him or her with another adult (grandmother, nanny or daddy). This can cause stress in the child and the next time he or she may not want to let mom go or wake up in the night crying.

Physiological causes

Infant colic, teething, baby’s vitamin D deficiency, bedwetting, itching from atopic dermatitis and other problems can cause sleep disturbances in a baby, so they require seeing a pediatrician. When the cause is known, the child will be prescribed treatment, and the task of parents is to follow the specialist’s recommendations and ensure that the baby is as comfortable as possible.

During a child’s nocturnal awakenings, all adult actions should be aimed at helping the baby go back to sleep as quickly as possible. When the child wakes up at night, adults should not turn on the lights, bring the baby to the window, give him toys or read books. It is better not to entertain him, or next time he’ll wake up again for another round of fun. It is important to let your child know that everything is fine, it’s nighttime and everyone is sleeping. Waking up at night should be as boring as possible, and in the morning it is important to analyze what could have been the cause of the child’s poor sleep. Bedtime habbits for children

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